Arthur Rackham was born on the 19th of September 1867 in London and died of cancer at the age of 71 in Limpsfield, Surrey. He's considered to be one of the most recognisable artists of the Golden Age of Illustration in Europe, along with John Bauer and Theodor Kittelsen.
He was born in a big family - it's enough to mention that he had 11 siblings, but surely plenty of you knows that it wasn't quite unusual in the XIX century and earlier. We know that in his youth, Rackham's health was rather poor - hence he travelled to Australia with his two aunts to improve his condition.
After he returned, he began studying at the Lambeth School of Art. In 1892 he started working as a reporter and an illustrator for The Westminster Budget. A year later a first book with his illustrations was released, but the actual major publication took place in 1894, for Anthony Hope's The Dolly Dialogues. After that Rackham became a full-time illustrator for the rest of his life.
Rackham invented his own unique way of creating - first he sketched the outlines with a pencil, then added details. Afterwards he inked the sketch and removed pencil when the ink dried. Eventually, he layered a couple washes of colour to create translucent tints. This doesn't sound so unique today, does it? Here
you may read more about the techniques used by Rackham.